The nature of discipline based research
"I think we've been through a period where too many people have been given to understand that if they have a problem, it's the government's job to cope with it. 'I have a problem, I'll get a grant.' 'I'm homeless, the government must house me.' They're casting their problem on society. And, you know, there is no such thing as society. There are individual men and women, and there are families. And no government can do anything except through people, and people must look to themselves first. It's our duty to look after ourselves and then, also to look after our neighbour. People have got the entitlements too much in mind, without the obligations. There's no such thing as entitlement, unless someone has first met an obligation."
In the 2000s there was a small movement with the slogan we live in societies not economies.
The truth is we live in both. Economies have always existed, even in the most ancient of societies there was usually complex trading systems. But, while I do not want to live in a communist economy neither do I want to live is in a pure market society with minimal justice and no compassion.
Although conventional economics does not deal well with innovation there are many economists who study innovation.
Multi-disciplinarityThe way forward is not generalists researching everything but a university structure that supports a matrix organisational operation. In this way teaching by experts can be utilised to form new teaching units out of the specialisations of the existing disciplinary base.
One area where such capability would be helpful is with technology. The emphasis remains on change but what is happening behind the curve is as much changing as what is happening at the frontier.
(1) a means to fulfill a human purpose,
(2) an assemblage of practices and components(3) a collection of devices and engineering practices available to a culture.