A bit of a history lesson
Back when I started in this game there was data on:
- R&D by business, governments, universities and non-profits
- R&D personnel by same classification
- Patent data
- Publication data
....and then we would mine economic structure data to create information on trade patterns and clusters etc. This is what I have specialised in for 25 plus years. All of the data was supplied by official agencies.
But over the last three years the landscape, it seems to me, has changed dramatically. Back in the 1990s, if we looked at high technology industries (high R&D intensive activities) aerospace rolled out a new aircraft every decade or so and pharmaceuticals companies were and still are notoriously slow to move products from research to market.
IT/computers and mobile phones was thus the sexiest thing to watch - and the number of articles reflects this. Search Research Policy for these terms and any other phrase you care to think of and the results will not surprise you.
This is all very fine up until about 2008. The IPhone came out in 2007, Uber launched in 2009. The autonomous mining equipment in Australia, that I have already posted about elsewhere, really started to become a serious game changer in 2008.
Today, there is AI, block chain, big data, translation software etc etc.
I've compiled the following list.